How did militarism lead to ww1 quizlet


How Did Militarism Lead to World War I? Credit: Print Collector/Hulton Archive/Getty Images Militarism between the Great Powers in Europe and Asia put military leaders, namely generals and admirals, in primary leadership positions as government ministers. 1914: In 1914 the British Army had approximately 710,000 men at its disposal. They saw the British (India/Africa/Asia) , the Americans (Philippines), the French (Indo How did militarism lead to ww1? It really didn't, it was much more militarism Militarism in WW1 was that all the countries wanted a bigger and better army and navy so all the countries tried Get an answer for 'What role did nationalism and imperialism play in the road to World War I?' and find homework help for other World War I questions at eNotes How did alliances lead to WW1? World War I: World War I was a world-war centered in the continent of Europe that lasted from 1914 to 1918. While mass-producing new weapons and drafting war plans, these leaders refused to seek diplomatic solutions in To what extent did imperialism cause WWI? Imperialism is when a country increases their power and wealth through means of obtaining additional territories outside of their established border. Although it is often thought to be very old, nationalism did not become a great determining factor in history until the end of the 18th century. As you review the causes of World War 2, some of the events and comments appear random, but they have a cumulative effect much like a row of a child's blocks ready to fall as new ones are added. Militarism was one of the main causes of the First World War. S. Thanks for watching. How was militarism a cause of ww1 keyword after analyzing the system lists the list of keywords related and the list of websites with related content, in addition you can see which keywords most interested customers on the this website The Great War of 1914-18 began in August 1914. i know what it is but im having trouble writing about it. This was a significant cause of World War one because Kaiser was humiliated and could A couple of people explained this quite simply to me throughout my studies of military history. . During World War One, propaganda was employed on a global scale. A. The Balkans Crisis - How The Balkans Helped Start WW1 Today, we look at the Balkans and see how this fiery area, helped to cause this world war that we know today. Alliances. Adolf Hitler, the leader of the Nazis wanted Germany's old land back. The main short term cause is the This site described the many causes and events that lead up to World War II. However, the Panamanians wanted the canal built, which made them angry at the Columbian government. 4) How did total war lead to rationing? 5) What effect did the Russian Revolution have on Russia’s role in WW1? 6) How did the surrender of the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria, and the revolution in Austria-Hungary lead to the end of WW1? 7) What strategies new to WW1 probably contributed to the destruction of homes, villages, and farms? While Russia entered the war for many of the same reasons as other European countries, they did not do so on steady footing. Underlying the assumptions of all the Great Powers during the July Crisis was the belief that if war did break out it would be a short one. This event was, however, simply the trigger that set off declarations of war. Some joined for the love of their country, while others did it to escape from the lives and the poor conditions they lived in. It led onto it's involvement in the Second World War. World War I Militarism Militarism denoted a rise in military expenditure, an increase in military and naval forces, more influence of the military men upon the policies of the civilian government, and a preference for force as a solution to problems. Nationalism, along with militarism and imperialism, is a contributing factor of World War I. 1 Analyze the causes of World War I including the formation of European alliances and the roles of imperialism, nationalism, and militarism. The military typically saw a military solution to Japanese economic security. " World War I was the result of an increase in military power, national pride and imperialism. This lead to a number of alliances between countries designed to protect national interests. The territory was called a mandated territory, or mandate. W. in May 1917 and the Russian Revolution of Nov. World War I, international conflict that in 1914–18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along with Russia, the U. Aggressive nationalism was partly responsible for World War I. Revision Mat. One must consider the relationship between eras and events as a student of history. The actual Japan's march toward militarism started soon after the overthrow of the Tokugawa shogunate and the beginning of the Meiji Restoration in 1868, with the Meiji oligarchs' adoption of a policy of fukoku kyôhei (rich country, strong military). Although World War I began in Europe, it is important to take a look at World War I in MAIN stands for Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism and Nationalism. Militarism is the belief within a country or state that a strong military is important in order to defend the country and to promote national interests. It was an “arms race. how did militarism contribute to the beginning of ww1? -the belief in having a strong military that could be used to influence other countries, to protect your country, or to gain territory -European nations competed during the late 1800's to early 1900's to create the largest and most powerful militaries; In addition to the general willingness of European states to go to war, one must also consider how they expected the war to play out. It was ruled by a single party–the In World War I, British propaganda took various forms, including pictures, literature and film. but if you could help me + give me a few things to write in my intro and conclusion + supporting paragraphs, would be great x Why did the alliance system cause ww1? The alliance system(s) caused World War 1 because they drew more countries into war. Nationalism is the belief that people's greatest loyalty should be to their nation, where they share a common history and culture. Was viewed with mixed reaction from many Americans who wanted to return to post-war isolationism and those that wanted America to play a large role in post-war peace Start studying WW1/Imperialism and Militarism. WW1 took place at an intersection between Militarism, Industrialism, and Nationalism. Colonial conquest. How did militarism lead to world war war 1? which was a major cause of WW1. I. How to use militarism in a sentence. The modules below were created specifically for UK and international GCSE teaching but can be applied to any curriculum teaching students aged 14-18. Not the main cause, but definitely a part. Additionally, Americans were enraged that Germany sought an alliance with Mexico. com. How did militarism cause ww1 keyword after analyzing the system lists the list of keywords related and the list of websites with related content, in addition you can see which keywords most interested customers on the this website A page in the Encyclopedia of Marxism. Axis Militarism - sets Nazi re-armament in its wider setting. US entry into WW1 for kids Woodrow Wilson was the 28th American President who served in office from March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1921. Mandate, an authorization granted by the League of Nations to a member nation to govern a former German or Turkish colony. Blood was transferred directly from one person to another. Many in Britain felt that the war would be over by Christmas. By 1914, Europeans had grown apathetic and dismissive about the dangers of war. Militarism is essentially the belief in the importance of the army. Timeline of WW1 History Timelines of the World War 1 provide fast facts and information about famous events in history, such as those detailed in the Timeline of WW1, precipitated a significant change in world history. 'A war to end all wars' The First World War was the first truly global conflict – the battle raged not just in the trenches of the Western Front but in Africa, the Middle East and Asia. How did nationalism lead to World War 1? The four main long term causes of ww1 were militarism, the alliance system, imperialism ,and nationalism. American imperialism describes policies aimed at extending the political, economic, and cultural control of the United States over areas beyond its boundaries. Click on the link below to This nationalism can give rise to strong emotions that may lead to a group fighting to survive, especially as after the fall of communism, political boundaries did not match ethnic boundaries. The timeline of causes of World War 2 (1939-1945) will cover the deep policy divisions that steered the American course between two world wars. The causes of this war have been debated by politicians and historians ever since. Without the alliances, we probably still would've had a world war What Was the Arms Race During WW1? Credit: DEA PICTURE LIBRARY/De Agostini Picture Library/Getty Images Before World War I, many European nations grew their military powers and produced new military technology dramatically as a result of direct competition over potential colonies. This cause of World War I was a policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war. The Schlieffen Plan was the operational plan for a designated attack on France once Russia, in response to international tension, had started to mobilise her forces near the German border. The execution of the Schlieffen Plan led to Britain declaring war on Germany on August 4th, 1914. (June, 28, 1914) Serbia had always wanted to crush the Serbs in Bosnia and Serbia itself, who was helping Austrian- Serbs in an uprising against Austria. Introduction - WW1 Militarism Militarism was one of the major causes of World War One. The entry of the U. 'This war has been a monumental blunder from the start! Britain is not solely responsible, but by God, gentlemen, she must share the blame, and she will pay a heavy price: the best of her young men, future scholars and scientists and statesmen, and ordinary, decent men who might have led ordinary, decent lives. World War I (1914–18) CausesCauses of U. enter World War I? Militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism What four MAIN causes led to the outbreak of World War I? Why did Britain declare war on Germany? 1 Feb 2016 World War one started on the 28th of July 1914 between two sides; Difference in policies were to blame, although the… The war started mainly because of four aspects: Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism and Nationalism. The Soviet Union was supposed to be “a society of true democracy,” but in many ways it was no less repressive than the czarist autocracy that preceded it. Militarism definition is - predominance of the military class or its ideals. How did Militarism lead up to WW1 The Arms Races, with war looming nations were desperate not to be outdone in any area of their military. It was during WW1 that the routine use of blood transfusion was used to treat wounded soldiers. This Site Might Help You. Russia’s economy was still in its early stages of development, and they were still heavily reliant on foreign investments. ” Because Britain had a large navy, Germany wanted a large navy too. Britain felt particularly threatened by Germany, as it began to rapidly expand its army. World War II began 21 years after the end of World War I, but many historians believe that the two wars were part of one vast global conflict. See more. You ever noticed how no one batted an eye to Stalin when he killed 60 million or more of his own men, and y Imperialism Who was the war with? Central Powers: Germany Astrian Hungary Ottomon Empire Bolgoria What happened in World War 1? How did militarism contribute to the outbreak of World War 1? -placed the interests of their own country above other countries -gave people excessive How Did Nationalism Contribute to World War I? In World War I, nationalism led to the desire of countries with strong self-identities to unite and attack other countries. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Sinking of the Lusitania Facts in WW1 for kids History on the Net > Authentic History > world war 1 > overview > origins of the war Imperialism One of the main causes of the First World War was imperialism: an unequal relationship, often in the form of an empire, forced on other countries and peoples, resulting in domination and subordination of economics, culture, and territory. WW1 conscription ended in 1919 but the compulsory military service that began in 1939 for the Second World War didn’t come to an end until the 1960s. Militarism played an extensive role in WWI. It is more likely that wars, big or small, will start if a country or group of allies has the weapons and trained armies ready to go to war. TR became angry and he decided to step in and take action. The strengthening of various nation's military forces caused tension that eventually sparked off the war. It led to the fall of four great imperial dynasties and, in its destabilization of European society, laid the groundwork for World War II. The key factors used by Benito Mussolini to gain the trust of the Italian people were militarism and nationalism. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The war was "cold" only in that the U. For more information about what happened when World War 1 started, discover more interesting facts about WW1. This broke the Treaty of Versailles. How did militarism cause WW1? countries who were fighting felt intimidated by them and they started another war inside of the first world war which lead to militarism being on of the causes of Rise in Military Expenditure The Total Defence Expenditure of the Powers (in million £ ) (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Britain, France and Russia) It is also important to take notice of the fact that from 1910 to 1914, while France increased her defence expenditure by 10%, Well it wasn’t the the only cause off it, but it certainly did contribute. Reference. Militarism. Another thing that the countries of Europe did was to train all their young men so that if there was a war they could call, not only on the standing army, but on huge numbers of trained reservists. The most prominent factors include: nationalism, militarism, imperialism, the Balkan and Morocco crises, and the alliance system. More naval laws passed in 1906, 1908, and 1912, all using fear of the British Navy and national pride as an impetus to fund the surge. Also possibly (in the case of 1914 Europe yes) the belief in either the justified need for a war every s What Role Did Militarism Play in Starting World War I? Credit: General Photographic Agency/Hulton Archive/Getty Images Militarism led to the increase of weapon manufacturing, and it had a pervasive influence on many European governments where military elites commonly held great power and control over political decisions. Imperialism is, conveniently, the ideological intersection of these, as well as a few other ideas. A summary of The Road to War in History SparkNotes's World War I (1914–1919). Get an answer for 'How did the peace settlement after World War I lead to World War II?' and find homework help for other Causes of World War II questions at eNotes This lecture also deals with the causes of World War I, but does so from a Balkan perspective. They never used their Empire definition, a group of nations or peoples ruled over by an emperor, empress, or other powerful sovereign or government: usually a territory of greater extent than a kingdom, as the former British Empire, French Empire, Russian Empire, Byzantine Empire, or Roman Empire. Early ages fortified themselves behind the sovereign state, behind protectionism and militarism ~ Christian Lou Lange Many millions of military personnel were mobilized in 1914 to fight in one of the worlds largest wars in history. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of World War I (1914–1919) and what it means. It was a bluff – the German army had only 22,000 soldiers and had orders to retreat if they met any resistance. The most efficient way to have and maintain the support of the people is to promote nationalism. It ended on the 11th of November 1918. Along with its dangerous brothers, imperialism and militarism, nationalism fuelled a continental delusion that contributed to the growing mood for war. Germany wanted to go to war with Russia sooner than later, because it was a Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism. Depending on the commentator, it may include military conquest, gunboat diplomacy, unequal treaties, subsidization of preferred factions, economic penetration through private companies followed by intervention when those interests are Nationalism, ideology based on the idea that the individual’s loyalty and devotion to the nation-state surpass other individual or group interests. He was Schlieffen’s successor as Chief of Staff. Although, in this case, it created much competition between nations The first world war began in August 1914. How did the Versailles Treaty lead to World War Two? Lloyd's News reporting the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919. "How militarism, nationalism and imperialism contribituted to the outbreak of World War One. R HINELAND Hitler invaded the Rhineland on 7 March 1936. Nationalism, for example, can allow countries to unite, and become strong. For additional information click Facts about World War 1. Is considered some of the bloodiest fighting in WWI and the German offense was stopped; offensive battle on the western front initiated by Germany in which they hoped to crush France and taken them out of the war, however France was in a very good defensive position and French held it for 10 months. RE: how did nationalism contribute to ww1? im writing an essay about the causes of the war. Get an answer for 'How did the Treaty of Versailles lead to World War II? ' and find homework help for other World War II questions at eNotes One way to remember the FOUR main causes of World War I is to remember the acronym M – A – I – N. The war was started by the assassination of the heir to the Austrian throne Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia, a province of Austria at the time. See, after the WW1 Germany was crippled and had seen it's downfall from a World Leader to a wrecked nation. Blood banks were developed during World War I. Linguistic Roots of imperialism Long and Short Term Causes of WWI There were several long-term events that led to the outbreak of World War One. Imperialism definition is - imperial government, authority, or system. Several issues dealing with Imperialism lead to WWI. “Emerson abandoned irony for blunt and passionate speech. How did militarism cause wwi keyword after analyzing the system lists the list of keywords related and the list of websites with related content, in addition you can see which keywords most interested customers on the this website Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines largely comprising military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery. 3. They could not compete with the industrial powerhouse that was the German economy. Some persons felt that the very existence of these alliances would lead to peace. Millions of Germans died in trenches on the Western and Eastern front and the Treaty of Versailles was considered by most of the Germans to Nationalism, imperialism and militarism had major roles in the war. Why did the United States enter World War One. The guns fell silent on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918. America was critical involved in military operations that led to the final conclusion of the Great War and was there to witness the end of WW1. 1917 quite changed the nature of war from a confrontation between nationalism and imperialism, and competition between imperial powers, to one for establishing a new international order, based on national self-determination and collective security. Although the Meiji oligarchs showed restraint in outward expressions of militarism and imperialism in the How did the assassination of Franz Ferdinand lead to WW1? I need to write an essay, you dont have to write it for me. N causes, led to better military technolodgy and more of it. It provided basic background information on the Treaty of Versailles, the rise of Fascism and the Nazi party, the Munich conference, the invasion of Poland, etc. nationalism, imperialism, militarism, creation of alliances (Central and Allied Powers); immediate cause: assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand (heir to Austrian throne) by a Serb on June 28, 1914. World War one started on the 28th of July 1914 between two sides; triple alliance and the triple entente. How did imperialism cause WWI? -Brits were concerned with growth of German colonies, were concerned that they were no longer the ultimate hegemon -Economic rivalries btwn Britain, France and Germany (UK started indu rev but Germany started taking the lead) How did idustrialization affect the course of World War 1? Fuelded the M. After the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Austria-Hungary is determined to put a lid on Serbia once and for all. Germany, France and Russia started to conscript large portions of their male population, this gave their countrymen military experience and a taste of war, suddenly everyone was ready and willing to fight. 6 million rifles). Without the alliances, we probably still would've had a world war - The result of militarism and industrialism is huge stockpiles of weapons. and the USSR never fought each other in a direct military confrontation. 7. One historians has estimated the total number of men (including reservists) that the countries could thus call upon as: Militarism definition, a strong military spirit or policy. But the international gold standard and the fixed exchange rate system were smashed by WW1, and the Japanese yen started to float in 1917. Nationalism is devotion and patriotism to your country with constant glorification and promotion of the country’s values and culture. 912. “Causes of World War II – Causes of World War II in Europe. Serious conflicts often arose and escalated very easily as individuals and groups acted upon their beliefs, causing death and destruction. Why Did the United States Enter the First World War? The United States entered World War I in 1917 because of the attacks that were occurring on American ships by German submarines. Using force! If you didn't know Germany lost their land due to the Treaty of Versailles who in 1919 (end of WW1). Why did Germany sink the Lusitania? On 4 February 1915 Germany declared the seas around Great Britain a war zone subject to submarine warfare and that allied ships in the area would be sunk without warning. Nationalism was probably the main cause of World War 2. The love of one's country demanded the hatred of another country. ": a way of organizing a society in which a government ruled by a dictator controls the lives of the people and in which people are not allowed to disagre Militarism William Kamman Near the turn of the twentieth century, Secretary of War Elihu Root [1] told a Chicago [2] audience: "We are a peaceful, not a military people, but we are made of fighting fiber and whenever fighting is by hard necessity the business of the hour we always do it as Causes of World War I LESSON PLAN 9th Grade World History Benchmark: SS. They claimed that Moltke did not correctly employ Schlieffen’s recommendations and thus did not defeat France in 1914. One of the important events during his presidency was the American entry into World War 1. Huge World-war-1-facts. Japan's militarism is deeply rooted in the ancient samurai tradition, centuries before Japan's modernization. Although America did not declare war on Germany until 1917, she had been involved in the war from the beginning supplying the allies with weapons and supplies. Conscription in the First World War. First, there are the wars in the Balkans during which time Austria asked it's big brother ally Germany for assistance and Germany essentially gave them a blank check to handle the area as they chose. Few predicted the bloodiest war so far seen in history that would lead to: The abdication of the Tsar and a Communist revolution in Russia The formation of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente divided Europe into two opposing armed camps. Difference in policies were to blame, although the immediate cause of World War one was the assassinat Why did the alliance system cause ww1? The alliance system(s) caused World War 1 because they drew more countries into war. This is the differences between the world wars and the similarities How was militarism a keyword after analyzing the system lists the list of keywords related and the list of websites with related content, in addition you can see which keywords most interested customers on the this website How Did Militarism Lead to World War I? | Reference. It is the most important cause of WW1, because it created a build-up of tension in Europe and outside of Europe, and through imperialism, the three other causes were able to affect the beginnings of the war. In Zuber’s book, the German officers wanted to deflect blame for Germany’s defeat from themselves to Helmuth von Moltke. but a series of factors were involved, including the assassination of Archduke Franz But Germany was by far the most militaristic country in Europe at the time. Get an answer for 'How did militarism help to cause WWI?' and find homework help for other World War I questions at eNotes What was the most significant cause of World War One? (WW1) These two events lead directly to Militarism. They pointed out that the two alliances were nearly equal in strength, a situation described by the historical term "balance of power" . Wilhelm II brought together German nationalism, militarism, and expansionist aspirations to support the rise of the navy: “Germany is a young and growing empire. Britain also placed significant emphasis on atrocity propaganda as a way of mobilising public opinion against Germany during the First World War. Even though a militarist philosophy was intrinsic to the shogunates, a nationalist style of militarism developed after the Meiji Restoration, which restored the Emperor to power and began the Empire of Japan. ) MILITARISM was one of the four major causes of the war. Wilson's proposition for world peace and democracy after the horrors of the global conflict in WWI. The Cold War, a hostile rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union, lasted from the late 1940s until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Machine guns, artillery, posion gas, mines, tanks, airplanes, battleships and submarines. Comprehensive World War 1 Modules Complete lesson plans and teaching materials for busy teachers. A battle in WWI. world war 1 Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. EntryMilitary and Diplomatic CourseDomestic CoursePostwar ImpactChanging Interpretations World War I (1914–18): Causes Although the United States did not enter World War I until 1917, the outbreak of that war in 1914, and its underlying causes and consequences, deeply and immediately affected America's position both at home and abroad. First off let's define fascism, since there's been some bizarre definatons posted already. He did not plan to tear Panama away from Columbia even thought it seemed like that to the public and to Latin America. , the Middle East, and other regions. com Introduction - WW1 Militarism Militarism was one of the major causes of World War One. Get an answer for 'How did the Alliance System help cause WW1?' and find homework help for other World War I questions at eNotes Because the military had a stronghold over the Japanese govt. This bundle contains 17 ready-to-use WWI worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about and understand how the Great War started including important events and those involved. It mostly has to do with political schemes. (M = Militarism, A = Alliances, I = Imperialism, and N = Nationalism. Imperialism was a factor to an extent leading up to World War I. C. 20 Apr 2009 Long/Short: Militarism was a long-term cause of the war; due to the Specifics: The two major alliances that developed prior to WWI were the  16 Apr 2018 The causes of World War I have been debated since it ended. Best Answer: Every individual country wanted nationalism to grow to become more powerful (Germany the most--wanting to be the dominant nation in Europe) There was all this tension and it was basically stupid reasoning. Imperialism is another form of competition between nations as they compete to control natural What Were the Effects of Nationalism in World War I? Nationalism was one of the major factors in the outbreak of WWI, as nationalistic movements caused deeply rooted conflicts between countries. WORLD WAR I: PBS Webquest Part I Immediate Cause of World War I Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism and Nationalism were all underlying causes for World War I to begin but one specific incident brought those many causes to a climax. At the time the deadliest and costliest war in human How did imperialism nationalism and militarism contribute to making Politics & Society, World War 1, WW1 Allied Forces, Central Powers Four causes that lead to the 'Spark' of the war were Nationalist and militarist rhetoric assured Europeans that if war did erupt, their nation would emerge as the victor. The major powers all had large numbers of troops that had to mobilize; they did not have large standing armies at How Did Militarism Start WWI? Prior to WWI, powers across Europe were rapidly expanding their armies, which built a sense of distrust among the nations. Why did the U. The industrial era had many effects, not the least of which was plunging the world into world war. Certainly Great Power tensions were widespread in 1914, and those tensions caused the rapid spread of the war after it broke out, but many previous Great Power crises had been resolved without war. WWI’s Beginnings Worksheets. It was directly triggered by the assassination of the Austrian archduke, Franz Ferdinand and his wife, on 28th June 1914 by Bosnian revolutionary, Gavrilo Princip. How to use imperialism in a sentence. It is also due to the new government being founded by the militaristic samurai such as America which, because they were now affected by the depression, could not afford them anymore. Click again to . and then, when their actions caused open conflict, their allies were dragged into it. In order to execute imperialism, it is very important to have the support of the people. the one topic im stuck on is nationalism. World War I — Russia Russia entered the first world war with the largest army in the world, standing at 1,400,000 soldiers; when fully mobilized the Russian army expanded to over 5,000,000 soldiers (though at the outset of war Russia could not arm all its soldiers, having a supply of 4. Our awesome Get an answer for 'Were German militarism and diplomacy responsible for WWI? ' and find homework help for other World War I questions at eNotes World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, the Seminal Catastrophe, and initially in North America as the European War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. The Germans believed that the Lusitania was carrying war supplies. ” was one of the four contributing factors to the cause of World War One, along with secret alliances, militarism, and nationalism. com Militarism between the Great Powers in Europe and Asia put military leaders, namely generals and admirals, in primary leadership positions as government ministers. After WW1, advanced countries made a number of attempts to restore the prewar gold standard system without much success. One of the few things that historians have been able to agree about is that the war was the result of many different complex factors working together. Unlike previous wars, this was the first total war in which whole nations and not just professional armies were locked in mortal combat. how did militarism lead to ww1 quizlet

g8nf, 7qhi1t, jnbq, tfhs8, 9ltdij, yuit4, pvq3w, un5gjniq, zk6, vwp70gk, oa4v,